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Free Radic Res. 2005 Apr;39(4):431-9.

Changes in oxidative stress markers and NF-kappaB activation induced by sprint exercise.

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Department of Physiology, University of León, University Campus, León 24071, Spain.


This study was aimed to investigate changes in blood markers of oxidative damage induced by short-term supramaximal anaerobic exercise and to determine whether oxidative stress was associated to activation of the redox-sensitive transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Both a single Wingate test (WAnT) test and series of four WAnTs separated by 60 min rest intervals were carried out by eight professional cyclists. Leukocyte 8-OH-2-deoxyguanosine levels were significantly elevated 24 h after both exercise protocols. A significant decrease in blood reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration was observed immediately after and at 15, 60 and 120 min of the single WAnT, followed by a return to basal value after 24 h. This decrease was parallel to a significant increase of the oxidised/reduced glutathione (GSSG/GSH) ratio, to an activation of NF-kappaB and to a significant decrease in the protein level of its inhibitor IkappaB. GSH concentration and the GSSG/GSH ratio changed significantly for the first three of the WAnTs series and normalised thereafter. A significant activation of NF-kappaB and a decrease in the IkappaB protein level were also detected. We conclude that short-term supramaximal anaerobic exercise induces oxidative stress, as evidenced by non cumulative damage to macromolecules and changes in the glutathione status. Our data also indicate that high intensity anaerobic work gives rise to an activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB accompanied by a degradation of IkappaB.

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