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Lab Chip. 2005 Aug;5(8):863-8. Epub 2005 Jun 30.

Towards microalbuminuria determination on a disposable diagnostic microchip with integrated fluorescence detection based on thin-film organic light emitting diodes.

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  • 1Molecular Vision Ltd., 90 Fetter Lane, London, EC4A 1JP, United Kingdom.


As a first step towards a fully disposable stand-alone diagnostic microchip for determination of urinary human serum albumin (HSA), we report the use of a thin-film organic light emitting diode (OLED) as an excitation source for microscale fluorescence detection. The OLED has a peak emission wavelength of 540 nm, is simple to fabricate on flexible or rigid substrates, and operates at drive voltages below 10 V. In a fluorescence assay, HSA is reacted with Albumin Blue 580, generating a strong emission at 620 nm when excited with the OLED. Filter-less discrimination between excitation light and generated fluorescence is achieved through an orthogonal detection geometry. When the assay is performed in 800 microm deep and 800 microm wide microchannels on a poly(dimethylsiloxane)(PDMS) microchip at flow rates of 20 microL min(-1), HSA concentrations down to 10 mg L(-1) can be detected with a linear range from 10 to 100 mg L(-1). This sensitivity is sufficient for the determination of microalbuminuria (MAU), an increased urinary albumin excretion indicative of renal disease (clinical cut-off levels: 15-40 mg L(-1)).

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