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J Pediatr. 2005 Jul;147(1):38-42.

The use of a bedside assay for plasma B-type natriuretic peptide as a biomarker in the management of patent ductus arteriosus in premature neonates.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Weill-Cornell Children's Hospital, New York, NY, USA. paflynn@med.cornell.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the utility of the bedside plasma concentration of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) assay as a screen for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature neonates.

STUDY DESIGN:

Newborn infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) had paired echocardiography and BNP measurements at enrollment and every 4 to 5 days.

RESULTS:

Twenty neonates (gestational age approximately 28.6 weeks and birth weight approximately 1161 g) had 81 paired echocardiography and BNP determinations. BNP ranged from 5 to 3900 pg/mL. Fifty-six of 81 echocardiograms showed PDA. Significant correlations were found between BNP and ductal size and degree of shunting. Correlation was greater in infants >2 days of age. BNP >300 pg/mL predicted significant PDA, whereas BNP <105 pg/mL predicted absence of significant PDA.

CONCLUSION:

Bedside measurement of BNP correlates with magnitude of PDA in premature newborns, particularly beyond day 2, and may be useful in guiding diagnostic and management strategies.

PMID:
16027692
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.03.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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