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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2005 Nov;315(2):624-30. Epub 2005 Jul 18.

Prevention of the ultraviolet B-mediated skin photoaging by a nuclear factor kappaB inhibitor, parthenolide.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Aichi, Japan.


The skin photoaging is characterized by keratinocyte hyperproliferation and degradation of collagen fibers, causing skin wrinkling and laxity and melanocyte proliferation that leads to pigmentation. UV is considered to be a major cause of such skin changes. It is well established that nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is activated upon UV irradiation and induces various genes including interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), and matrix metalloprotease-1 (MMP-1). It is also known that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) production is induced by UV and promotes the proliferation of skin keratinocytes and melanocytes. We found that UVB, IL-1, and TNFalpha induced NF-kappaB activation and then produced MMP-1 and bFGF in HaCaT keratinocytes and skin fibroblasts. In this experiment, we examined if parthenolide, an NF-kappaB inhibitor, could block the UVB-mediated skin changes. We found that parthenolide could effectively inhibit the gene expression mediated by NF-kappaB and the production of bFGF and MMP-1 from cells overexpressing p65, a major subunit of NF-kappaB. We also found that parthenolide could inhibit the UVB-induced proliferation of keratinocytes and melanocytes in the mouse skin. These findings suggest that NF-kappaB inhibitors should be useful for the prevention of skin photoaging.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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