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J Cell Biol. 2005 Jul 18;170(2):273-83.

Lethal giant larvae proteins interact with the exocyst complex and are involved in polarized exocytosis.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

The tumor suppressor lethal giant larvae (Lgl) plays a critical role in epithelial cell polarization. However, the molecular mechanism by which Lgl carries out its functions is unclear. In this study, we report that the yeast Lgl proteins Sro7p and Sro77p directly interact with Exo84p, which is a component of the exocyst complex that is essential for targeting vesicles to specific sites of the plasma membrane for exocytosis, and that this interaction is important for post-Golgi secretion. Genetic analyses demonstrate a molecular pathway from Rab and Rho GTPases through the exocyst and Lgl to SNAREs, which mediate membrane fusion. We also found that overexpression of Lgl and t-SNARE proteins not only improves exocytosis but also rescues polarity defects in exocyst mutants. We propose that, although Lgl is broadly distributed in the cells, its localized interaction with the exocyst and kinetic activation are important for the establishment and reenforcement of cell polarity.

PMID:
16027223
PMCID:
PMC2171422
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.200502055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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