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Biomaterials. 2006 Feb;27(4):586-95. Epub 2005 Jul 18.

Study of osteoblastic cells in a microfluidic environment.

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CNRS-UMR 6600, Laboratoire de biomécanique et génie biomédical, Université de technologie de Compiègne, Centre de Recherche de Royallieu, France.


Bone tissue engineering consists of culturing osteoblastic cells onto synthetic three-dimensional (3D) porous scaffolds. The organization of bone cells into 3D scaffolds is crucial for ex vivo tissue formation. Diffusional rates of nutrients could be greatly improved by perfusing media through the 3D microporous scaffolds. However, bone cells cultured in vitro are responsive to a variety of different mechanical signals including fluid flow and shear stresses. In this work, we attempt to study osteoblastic cells behaviour cultured within microdevices allowing continuous and homogenous feeding of cells. We have fabricated polydimethylsiloxane PDMS microdevices with a 3D microstructured channel network. Mouse calvarial osteoblastic cells MC3T3-E1 were seeded at 2x10(6)cells/ml and cultured into the microdevices under flow rates of 0, 5, 35 microl/min. Cells attached and proliferated well in the designed microdevices. Cell viability was found around 85% up to 1 to 2 weeks for shear stress value under 5 mPa. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was enhanced 3- and 7.5-fold inside the microdevices under static and dynamic flow of 5 microl/min as compared to flat static cultures in PDMS coated Petri dishes. Therefore, osteoblastic cells could be successfully cultured inside the microdevices under dynamic conditions and their ALP activity was enhanced. These results are promising for bone cell growth and differentiation as well as future tissue regeneration using larger 3D microfluidic microdevices.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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