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Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2005 Jul;113(7):365-71.

PGE1 inhibits the expression of PAI-1 mRNA induced by TNF-alpha in human mesangial cells.

Author information

1
Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Faculty of Medicine, the First Department of Internal Medicine, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama-shi, Toyama 930-0192, Japan.

Abstract

We examined the effect of PGE1 on the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) mRNA induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in human mesangial cells, because PAI-1 is one of major factors for the progression of glomerulosclerosis. The expression of PAI-1 mRNA was increased after stimulation with TNF-alpha, and it was diminished by pre-incubation with PGE1. Next, we examined the effect of PGE1 on the phosphorylation of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) family and Akt. TNF-alpha activated the phosphorylation of p44/42 MAPK, p38 MAPK, SAPK/JNK and Akt in mesangial cells. PGE1 inhibited the TNF-alpha induced phosphorylation of SAPK/JNK and Akt, but not p44/42 MAPK and p38 MAPK. The TNF-alpha induced expression of PAI-1 mRNA was not affected by PD98059, an inhibitor of MEK, SB203580, an inhibitor of p38 MAPK, nor LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3 K. However, DMAP, an inhibitor of SAPK/JNK, inhibited the expression of PAI-1 mRNA, suggesting that the TNF-alpha induced expression of PAI-1 mRNA is regulated by the SAPK/JNK dependent pathway in human mesangial cells. By the incubation with H8, an inhibitor of PKA, the inhibitory effect of PGE1 on the expression of PAI-1 mRNA was abolished, suggesting that PGE1 inhibited the PAI-1 mRNA expression via the PKA pathway. Our results suggest that the inhibition of PAI-1 synthesis by PGE1 in human mesangial cells may have therapeutic implications for glomerulosclerosis such as occurs in diabetic nephropathy.

PMID:
16025396
DOI:
10.1055/s-2005-865681
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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