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Nat Genet. 2005 Aug;37(8):883-8. Epub 2005 Jul 17.

Plk4 haploinsufficiency causes mitotic infidelity and carcinogenesis.

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1
Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Ave. R988, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X5, Canada.

Abstract

The polo-like kinase Plk4 (also called Sak) is required for late mitotic progression, cell survival and postgastrulation embryonic development. Here we identified a phenotype resulting from Plk4 haploinsufficiency in Plk4 heterozygous cells and mice. Plk4+/- embryonic fibroblasts had increased centrosomal amplification, multipolar spindle formation and aneuploidy compared with wild-type cells. The incidence of spontaneous liver and lung cancers was approximately 15 times high in elderly Plk4+/- mice than in Plk4+/+ littermates. Using the in vivo model of partial hepatectomy to induce synchronous cell cycle entry, we determined that the precise regulation of cyclins D1, E and B1 and of Cdk1 was impaired in Plk4+/- regenerating liver, and p53 activation and p21 and BubR1 expression were suppressed. These defects were associated with progressive cell cycle delays, increased spindle irregularities and accelerated hepatocellular carcinogenesis in Plk4+/- mice. Loss of heterozygosity occurs frequently (approximately 60%) at polymorphic markers adjacent to the PLK4 locus in human hepatoma. Reduced Plk4 gene dosage increases the probability of mitotic errors and cancer development.

PMID:
16025114
DOI:
10.1038/ng1605
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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