Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Anaesth. 2005 Sep;95(3):410-6. Epub 2005 Jul 15.

Low- vs high-dose almitrine combined with nitric oxide to prevent hypoxia during open-chest one-lung ventilation.

Author information

Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitari del Mar, Institut Municipal d'Investigacions Mèdiques, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.



Almitrine combined with inhaled nitric oxide (NO) can prevent hypoxia during one-lung ventilation (OLV). The optimal dose of almitrine that would provide therapeutic advantage with few side-effects during open-chest OLV has not been established.


Forty-two patients undergoing thoracotomy were randomly allocated to three groups: placebo, almitrine 4 microg kg(-1) min(-1) and inhaled NO 10 p.p.m. (ALM4+NO), and almitrine 16 microg kg(-1) min(-1) and inhaled NO 10 p.p.m. (ALM16+NO). Gas exchange, haemodynamic and respiratory variables and plasma concentrations of almitrine and lactate were monitored. Measurements were obtained with the patient awake (baseline), after induction of anaesthesia with two-lung ventilation (control 2LV), 20 min after treatment (2LV+T), and then at 10, 20 and 30 min of OLV (OLV10', OLV20' and OLV30') with FI(O2)1.


In the placebo group, OLV impaired Pa(O2) and increased pulmonary shunt [16 (SD 7) kPa and 42 (10)% respectively]. These improved with ALM4+NO [26 (10) kPa and 31 (7)%; P<0.001]. ALM16+NO further improved PaO2) to 36 (13) kPa (P<0.0001) but gave no improvement in the shunt. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was similar in the placebo and ALM4+NO groups [20 (4) vs 23 (5) mm Hg], whereas it was increased in the ALM16+NO group to 28 (8) mm Hg (P<0.01). Plasma concentrations of almitrine and lactate were unaltered by the treatments.


Low-dose almitrine (4 microg kg(-1) min(-1)) together with inhaled NO significantly improves oxygenation during open-chest OLV, without modifying pulmonary haemodynamics. An increased dose of almitrine (16 microg kg(-1) min(-1)) with inhaled NO further improves arterial oxygenation, but also increases mean pulmonary artery pressure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center