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Carbohydr Res. 2005 Sep 5;340(12):1983-96.

Synthesis of sulfated phenyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactopyranosides. 4-O-Sulfated phenyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-galactopyranoside is a competitive acceptor that decreases sulfation of chondroitin sulfate by N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase.

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Department of Chemistry, Aichi University of Education, Igaya-cho, Kariya, Aichi 448-8542, Japan.


We have previously cloned N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase (GalNAc4S-6ST), which transfers sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to the C-6 hydroxyl group of the GalNAc 4-sulfate residue of chondroitin sulfate A and forms chondroitin sulfate E containing GlcA-GalNAc(4,6-SO(4)) repeating units. To investigate the function of chondroitin sulfate E, the development of specific inhibitors of GalNAc4S-6ST is important. Because GalNAc4S-6ST requires a sulfate group attached to the C-4 hydroxyl group of the GalNAc residue as the acceptor, the sulfated GalNAc residue is expected to interact with GalNAc4S-6ST and affect its activity. In this study, we synthesized phenyl alpha- or -beta-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-galactopyranosides containing a sulfate group at the C-3, C-4, or C-6 hydroxyl groups and examined their inhibitory activity against recombinant GalNAc4S-6ST. We found that phenyl beta-GalNAc(4SO(4)) inhibits GalNAc4S-6ST competitively and also serves as an acceptor. The sulfated product derived from phenyl beta-GalNAc(4SO(4)) was identical to phenyl beta-GalNAc(4,6-SO(4)). These observations indicate that derivatives of beta-D-GalNAc(4SO(4)) are possible specific inhibitors of GalNAc4S-6ST.

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