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Atherosclerosis. 2006 Mar;185(1):78-86. Epub 2005 Jul 14.

Association of endothelial lipase gene (LIPG) haplotypes with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions and apolipoprotein AI plasma levels in Japanese Americans.

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Department of Epidemiology, Institute for Public Health Genetics, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, 1959 N.E. Pacific Avenue, Box 357236, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.


The LIPG gene on chromosome 18 encodes for endothelial lipase, a member of the triglyceride lipase family. Mouse models suggest that variation in LIPG influences high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism, but only limited data are available in humans. This study examined associations of LIPG haplotypes, comprising a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region (-384A>C), and a nonsynonymous SNP in exon 3 (Thr111Ile or 584C>T), with lipoprotein risk factors in 541 adult Japanese Americans. A marginal association was found between LIPG diplotypes and HDL cholesterol (p=0.045). Stronger associations were seen for HDL3 cholesterol (p=0.005) and Apolipoprotein AI plasma levels (p=0.002). After adjustment for age, gender, smoking and medications, individuals homozygous for the minor allele at both SNPs (*4 haplotype) had a more favorable risk factor profile, compared to other haplotype combinations. No relationship was seen for plasma triglyceride levels or low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size, but the homozygous *4 diplotype was also associated with lower Apolipoprotein B and LDL cholesterol levels (p=0.001 and 0.015, respectively). In conclusion, this community-based family study of Japanese Americans demonstrates that LIPG variants are associated with HDL related risk factors, and may play a role in susceptibility to cardiovascular disease in this population.

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