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J Immunol. 1992 Jun 15;148(12):4066-71.

Molecular cloning of a murine IL-6 receptor-associated signal transducer, gp130, and its regulated expression in vivo.

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Division of Immunology, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Biology, Osaka University, Japan.


The IL-6R system comprises two functionally different chains: a ligand binding-chain (IL-6R) and a non-ligand-binding but signal-transducing chain (gp130). gp130 associates with the IL-6-IL-6R complex, resulting in the formation of high-affinity IL-6 binding sites, and transduces the signal. A cDNA for murine gp130 has been cloned from the cDNA library of murine macrophages by using a human gp130 cDNA as a probe. The overall homology with human gp130 was 76.8% at the protein level. The extracellular region of murine gp130, as observed in human gp130, comprises 6 U of a fibronectin type III module and part of this region of approximately 200 amino acids has typical features of a cytokine receptor family. Cloned murine gp130 could transduce the growth signal in a murine IL-3-dependent cell line in response to a complex of IL-6 and soluble IL-6R. Two species of murine gp130 mRNA (7 and 10 kb) were expressed in almost all the cell lines. These transcripts were also ubiquitously expressed in murine tissues, embryonic stem cells, and embryos as early as day 6 of gestation. Administration of IL-6 in mouse caused up-regulation of the gp130 mRNA levels in several tissues. Both gp130 and IL-6R mRNA in liver were up-regulated in vivo by IL-6.

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