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Cell Death Differ. 2006 Jan;13(1):53-60.

PPARbeta/delta selectively induces differentiation and inhibits cell proliferation.

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Department of Veterinary Science and The Center for Molecular Toxicology and Carcinogenesis, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) beta-null mice exhibit exacerbated epithelial cell proliferation and enhanced sensitivity to skin carcinogenesis, suggesting that ligand activation of PPARbeta will inhibit keratinocyte proliferation. By using of a highly specific ligand (GW0742) and the PPARbeta-null mouse model, activation of PPARbeta was found to selectively induce keratinocyte terminal differentiation and inhibit keratinocyte proliferation. Additionally, GW0742 was found to be anti-inflammatory due to inhibition of myeloperoxidase activity, independent of PPARbeta. These data suggest that ligand activation of PPARbeta could be a novel approach to selectively induce differentiation and inhibit cell proliferation, thus representing a new molecular target for the treatment of skin disorders resulting from altered cell proliferation such as psoriasis and cancer.

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