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Eye Contact Lens. 2005 Jul;31(4):166-74.

Corneal staining and subjective symptoms with multipurpose solutions as a function of time.

Author information

1
Alcon Research, Ltd., Fort Worth, TX 76134-2099, USA. renee.garofalo@alconlabs.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Short-term changes in corneal staining and ocular symptoms were assessed at defined intervals to evaluate combinations of three soft lenses and four multipurpose solutions.

METHODS:

A series of pilot studies were conducted over 11 months using a double-masked, randomized, crossover design. Asymptomatic, adapted, daily-wear soft lens users wore group II or IV soft hydrophilic or silicone hydrogel lenses for a maximum period each day. Before wear, new lenses were soaked overnight in one of four multipurpose solutions: Alcon OPTI-FREE Express MPDS, Bausch & Lomb ReNu MultiPlus Multipurpose Solution, CIBA Vision SOLO-Care PLUS Multipurpose Solution, or AMO Complete MoisturePLUS. Subjects rated comfort and ocular symptoms. Corneal staining type and area were evaluated at baseline and after lens removal.

RESULTS:

Significantly increased extent of corneal staining, defined as the proportion of corneal zones showing staining of grade 1 or more severe, was observed at 1 and 2 hours when subjects wore group II lenses soaked in the polyhexamethylene biguanide-based systems. Significantly increased extent of staining was observed at 2 hours when subjects used silicone hydrogel lenses soaked in regimen 4. When subjects used regimen 1 and wore group II lenses, only a minimal staining response was observed at 1 and 2 hours of wear. Significant symptoms were not correlated with extent of staining.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study design is a promising tool that can discriminate between the performance of different soft lens and multipurpose solution combinations rapidly using small patient samples. With some lens-care product combinations, corneal appearance may vary according to the time of day the patient is examined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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