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J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2005 Jul-Aug;34(4):444-52.

Precursors of preterm birth: comparison of three ethnic groups in the middle East and the United States.

Author information

1
DNSc, UCLA School of Nursing, 700 Le Conte Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. linakbadr@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine factors related to preterm birth in three ethnic groups and in three different countries.

DESIGN:

Data were obtained on a convenience sample of 118 Lebanese mothers, 104 Egyptian mothers, 40 Mexican American mothers, and 32 White American mothers from Southern California. About half of each cohort had delivered a preterm newborn and half a full-term newborn. Mothers with premature or full-term newborns completed a questionnaire by interview. Analysis compared ethnic groups and preterm- versus full-term birth groups. Multiple logistic regression determined relatedness to outcome.

RESULTS:

Descriptive factors differed among groups, but not for preterm versus full-term newborn groups. Significant factors for premature birth were vaginal infections, stress, smoking, drug use, and protein intake. Factors significantly related to preterm birth in the Middle-Eastern and American groups were almost identical: social support, stress, and exercise. Smoking was related only in the American group.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data suggest risk factors are similar across nations and ethnic groups. Prenatal counseling and programs should address these four issues.

PMID:
16020412
DOI:
10.1177/0884217505276303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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