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Neuropharmacology. 2005 Oct;49(5):703-14.

Down-regulation of the glial glutamate transporter GLT-1 in rat hippocampus and striatum and its modulation by a group III metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonist following transient global forebrain ischemia.

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Department of Pharmacology, Chang-Gung University, 259 Wen-Hwa 1st Road, Tao-Yuan, Kwei-Shan, Taiwan, ROC.


Our goals were to identify biochemical markers for transient global ischemia-induced delayed neuronal death and test possible drug therapies against this neuronal damage. Four-vessel occlusion (4-VO) for 20 min was used as a rat model. The temporal expression profiles of three glutamate transporters (GLT-1, GLAST and EAAC1) were evaluated in the CA1 region of the hippocampus and the striatum. The protein levels of the GLT-1 were significantly down-regulated between 3 and 6 h after ischemia-reperfusion in the CA1 region and striatum, returned to the control (2-VO) levels 24 h after reperfusion and remained unchanged for up to 7 days. The levels of GLAST in the CA1 region and striatum, and EAAC1 in the CA1 region did not change after ischemia from 1 h to 7 days. Pretreatment with group III metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonist s-alpha-MCPA (20 microg/5 microl) 30 min prior to 4-VO significantly restored the GLT-1 levels in the CA1 region caused by global ischemia at both 3 and 6 h after reperfusion. The loss of pyramidal neurons in the CA1 region due to ischemia-reperfusion could also be prevented by intraventricular pretreatment with s-alpha-MCPA. The current findings pinpoint the significance of GLT-1 during ischemia/reperfusion and suggest a potential application of group III metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonist against ischemic/hypoxic neuronal damage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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