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Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Nov 1;58(9):686-93. Epub 2005 Jul 12.

Cigarette smoking and panic attacks among young adults in the community: the role of parental smoking and anxiety disorders.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA. rdg66@columbia.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The goal of the current study is to examine the association between cigarette smoking and panic attacks and panic disorder among youth and to investigate parental anxiety disorders and parental cigarette smoking in these links.

METHODS:

Data were drawn from the Oregon Adolescent Depression Project (OADP) (n = 1709). Cigarette smoking and panic attacks and panic disorder were assessed at three time points from adolescence to young adulthood.

RESULTS:

Daily cigarette smoking at Time 1 was associated with a significantly increased risk of panic attacks (odds ratio [OR] = 2.6 [1.3, 5.3]) and panic disorder (OR = 4.2 [2.0, 8.9]) at Time 3. After adjusting for parental anxiety disorder and parental smoking, the association between cigarette smoking and panic attack was no longer statistically significant (OR = 2.0 [.9, 4.5]), though the association between cigarette smoking and panic disorder remained (OR = 3.7 [1.6, 8.9]). The association between smoking and panic was not evident between smoking and other anxiety disorders.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings replicate previous results showing cigarette smoking in adolescence is associated with an increased risk of panic attacks and panic disorder in early adulthood and provide initial evidence that parental anxiety and parental smoking may play a role.

PMID:
16018987
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopsych.2005.04.042
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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