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J Org Chem. 2005 Jul 22;70(15):5964-73.

Generalized synthesis and physical properties of dialkoxy disulfides.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6.


A substrate study was undertaken in order to probe the scope of S(2)Cl(2) coupling of alcohols to form dialkoxy disulfides. Compounds 1b and 1f are new; along with 1a, 1c, 1h, and 1j, all of the title compounds are fully characterized, and the yields of 1a and 1c have been optimized from previously reported syntheses. The effect of the R-substituent about the OSSO moiety has been carefully probed as yields vary. A substrate and a solvent study of the coalescence behavior of this class was carried out. The origin of the inherently large barrier to rotation and the resultant thermal decomposition pathway is discussed. Both phenomena are shown to be solvent independent; hindered rotation is substrate independent. The decomposition of 1a is ca. 7 kcal/mol higher than the barrier to rotation about the S-S bond. The combined evidence suggests acyclic unsymmetric homolytic cleavage of the dialkoxy disulfide.

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