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Leukemia. 2005 Sep;19(9):1628-33.

Targeting an MMP-9-activated prodrug to multiple myeloma-diseased bone marrow: a proof of principle in the 5T33MM mouse model.

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Department of Haematology and Immunology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium.


Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable B-cell cancer characterised by the monoclonal proliferation of tumour cells in the bone marrow (BM). It has been described that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and especially MMP-9 is secreted by MM cells. In this study, we investigated the possibility to exploit MMP-9 activity to activate prodrugs and to target MM cells as a new tumour-specific therapy. Cleavage of the prodrug EV1-FITC by MMP-9 resulted in release of fluorescence which can be used as a measure of prodrug activation. The 5T33MM mouse model was used in this proof-of-principle study. The prodrug was activated in a higher amount by addition to MMP-9-producing 5T33MMvv cells, homogenates from tumour-bearing organs (BM, spleen) and isolated 5T33MM-diseased BM and spleen cells compared to non-MMP-9-producing 5T33MMvt cells and homogenates/cells from non-tumour-bearing organs/mice, as measured by fluorescence release. This fluorescence release could be inhibited by the MMP-2/MMP-9-specific inhibitor, CTT. Activation of the prodrug in the 5T33MM spleen and BM homogenates was confirmed by chromatography. EV1-fluorescein isothiocyanate injection into 5T33MM-diseased animals resulted in a higher fluorescence release by the isolated BM and spleen cells compared to injection into healthy animals. In conclusion, MMP-9 activity can be used to activate prodrugs that target MM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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