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Genes Immun. 2005 Oct;6(7):584-7.

A single-nucleotide polymorphism in the gene encoding lymphoid protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPN22) confers susceptibility to generalised vitiligo.

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1
Division of Clinical Sciences (North), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Abstract

Vitiligo is an acquired hypomelanotic skin disorder resulting from the loss of functional melanocytes from the cutaneous epidermis and autoimmunity has been suggested to play a part in its pathogenesis. Recently, the missense R620W polymorphism in the PTPN22 gene, which encodes lymphoid protein tyrosine phosphatase (LYP), has been associated with susceptibility to autoimmune disorders. The objective of this study was to ascertain if the disease-associated 1858T allele was also associated with generalised (nonsegmental) vitiligo and so the frequencies of the PTPN22 1858C/T alleles were investigated in 165 English patients with generalised vitiligo and 304 ethnically matched control subjects. The results indicated that the 1858T allele was significantly over-represented in the vitiligo patient group compared with the control cohort. Of 330 vitiligo alleles, 48 (14.5%) encoded the Trp620 variant compared to 52 of 608 (8.6%) control alleles (P=0.006; odds ratio=1.82, 95% confidence interval=1.17-2.82). The results indicate that the LYP missense R620W polymorphism may have an influence on the development of generalised vitiligo and provide further evidence for autoimmunity as an aetiological factor with respect to this disease.

PMID:
16015369
DOI:
10.1038/sj.gene.6364243
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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