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J Biol Chem. 2005 Sep 9;280(36):31882-9. Epub 2005 Jul 12.

Alteration in location of a conserved GTPase-associated center of the ribosome induced by mutagenesis influences the structure of peptidyltransferase center and activity of elongation factor G.

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Department of Chemistry and A. N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119992, Russia.


Translocation catalyzed by elongation factor G occurs after the peptidyltransferase reaction on the large ribosomal subunit. Deacylated tRNA in the P-site stimulates multiple turnover GTPase activity of EF-G. We suggest that the allosteric signal from the peptidyltransferase center that activates EF-G may involve the alteration in the conformation of elongation factor binding center of the ribosome. The latter consists of the moveable GTPase-associated center and the sarcin-ricin loop that keeps its position on the ribosome during translation elongation. The position of the GTPase-associated center was altered by mutagenesis. An insertion of additional base pair at positions C1030/G1124 was lethal and affected function of EF-G, but not that of EF-Tu. Structure probing revealed a putative allosteric signal pathway connecting the P-site with the binding site of the elongation factors. The results are consistent with the different structural requirements for EF-G and EF-Tu function, where the integrity of the path between the peptidyltransferase center and both GTPase-associated center and sarcin-ricin loop is important for EF-G binding.

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