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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Aug;289(2):H501-12.

Assessment of systolic and diastolic ventricular properties via pressure-volume analysis: a guide for clinical, translational, and basic researchers.

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Division of Cardiology, Dept. of Medicine, Columbia Univ., Black Bldg. 812, 650 West 168th St., New York, NY 10032, USA.


Assessment of left ventricular systolic and diastolic pump properties is fundamental to advancing the understanding of cardiovascular pathophysiology and therapeutics, especially for heart failure. The use of end-systolic and end-diastolic pressure-volume relationships derived from measurements of instantaneous left ventricular pressure-volume loops emerged in the 1970s as a comprehensive approach for this purpose. As invasive and noninvasive techniques for measuring ventricular volume improved over the past decades, these relations have become commonly used by basic, translational, and clinical researchers. This review summarizes 1) the basic concepts underlying pressure-volume analysis of ventricular and myocardial systolic and diastolic properties, 2) deviations from ideal conditions typically encountered in real-life applications, 3) how these relationships are appropriately analyzed, including statistical analyses, and 4) the most common problems encountered by investigators and the appropriate remedies. The goal is to provide practical information and simple guidelines for accurate application and interpretation of pressure-volume data as they pertain to characterization of ventricular and myocardial properties in health and disease.

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