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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Dec;289(6):E954-9. Epub 2005 Jul 12.

Insulin sensitivity by oral glucose minimal models: validation against clamp.

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Dept. of Information Engineering, University of Padova, Via Gradenigo 6/B, I-35131 Padua, Italy.


Measuring insulin sensitivity in the presence of physiological changes in glucose and insulin concentrations, e.g., during a meal or OGTT, is important to better understand insulin resistance in a variety of metabolic conditions. Recently, two oral minimal models have been proposed to measure overall insulin sensitivity (S(I)) and its selective effect on glucose disposal (S(I)*) from oral tests. S(I) and S(I)* have been successfully validated against multiple tracer meal estimates, but validation against euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp estimates is lacking. Here, we do so in 21 subjects who underwent both a multiple-tracer OGTT and a labeled euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. Correlation between minimal-model S(I), S(I) and corresponding clamp estimates S(I)(*clamp), S(I)(*clamp) was satisfactory, respectively r = 0.81, P < 0.001, and r = 0.71, P < 0.001. S(I) was significantly lower than S(I)(clamp) (8.08 +/- 0.89 vs. 13.66 +/- 1.69 10(-4) per microU/ml, P = 0.0002), whereas S(I) and S(I)(*clamp) were very similar (8.17 +/- 1.59 vs. 8.84 +/- 1.39 10(-4) per microU/ml, P = 0.52). These results add credibility to the oral minimal-model method as a simple and reliable physiological tool to estimate S(I) and S(I)*, also in large-scale clinical trials.

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