Send to

Choose Destination
Kidney Int. 2005 Aug;68(2):437-55.

Macrophages and progressive tubulointerstitial disease.

Author information

Department of Nephrology, University Hospital Birmingham NHS Trust, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.


Macrophages and progressive tubulointerstitial disease. In chronic renal disease, tubulointerstitial inflammation and injury is associated with infiltrating macrophages. As a consequence of primary injury, proteinuria, chronic hypoxia, and glomerular-derived cytokines may all differentially modulate the expression of factors that promote macrophage recruitment. In addition to adhesion molecules and chemokines, products of complement system and renin-angiotensin system activation may direct this process. Once present at interstitial sites, macrophages interact with resident cells and extracellular matrix to generate a proinflammatory microenvironment that amplifies tissues injury and promotes scarring. There is now increasing evidence for the efficacy of interventions directed against factors that recruit, activate, or are produced by macrophages. A detailed understanding of the biology of this area may lead to the further development of therapies that will improve the outcome of renal disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center