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Oncol Rep. 2005 Aug;14(2):501-5.

Cyclic polylactate inhibited growth of cloned leukemic cells through reducing glycolytic enzyme activities.

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Department of Anatomy, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Ohyaguchi-kami-machi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan.


A novel supramolecular oligomer, cyclic polylactate (CPL) that was originally discovered in the culture medium of HeLa-S tumor cells, reportedly inhibits the growth of FM3A ascites tumor cells by inhibiting enzymes involved in the glycolytic pathway. We synthesized CPL containing 3- to 13-mers by prolonged heating and rapidly mixing a carbohydrate compound of the L-lactic acid monomer (C(3)H(6)O(3)) under decreased pressure, and studied its effects on the growth of the cloned leukemic cell, TF-1. CPL inhibited the growth of TF-1 cells and induced 7A6 antigen, which is expressed by cells undergoing apoptosis, on the surface of TF-1 cells. In addition, caspase 3, 8 and 9 activities of TF-1 cells were increased after exposure to CPL, indicating that CPL induces apoptotic changes in TF-1. Among the 6 glycolytic enzymes examined in this study, the activities of PFK and HK, induced by CPL, decreased. Interestingly, CPL was detected in conditioned medium of the stromal cell line, LS801, obtained from human bone marrow. This conditioned medium inhibited the growth of TF-1 cells, and induced the expression of 7A6 antigen. These findings suggest that CPL will be a useful chemotherapeutic agent against leukemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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