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Neurol Clin Neurophysiol. 2004 Nov 30;2004:30.

Head position in the MEG helmet affects the sensitivity to anterior sources.

Author information

1
Athinoula A. Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. xenia@nmr.mgh.harvard.edu

Abstract

Current MEG instruments derive the whole-head coverage by utilizing a helmet-shaped opening at the bottom of the dewar. These helmets, however, are quite a bit larger than most people's heads so subjects commonly lean against the back wall of the helmet in order to maintain a steady position. In such cases the anterior brain sources may be too distant to be picked up by the sensors reliably. Potential "invisibility" of the frontal and anterior temporal sources may be particularly troublesome for the studies of cognition and language, as they are subserved significantly by these areas. We examined the sensitivity of the distributed anatomically-constrained MEG (aMEG) approach to the head position ("front" vs. "back") secured within a helmet with custom-tailored bite-bars during a lexical decision task. The anterior head position indeed resulted in much greater sensitivity to language-related activity in frontal and anterior temporal locations. These results emphasize the need to adjust the head position in the helmet in order to maximize the "visibility" of the sources in the anterior brain regions in cognitive and language tasks.

PMID:
16012659
PMCID:
PMC3749094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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