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FEBS Lett. 1992 May 18;302(3):223-6.

Phosphorylation sequences in h-caldesmon from phorbol ester-stimulated canine aortas.

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Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202.


The high molecular weight form of caldesmon (h-caldesmon) is phosphorylated in vascular smooth muscle. The stoichiometry of caldesmon phosphorylation increases in response to stimulation of the muscle by several contractile agonists; however, the responsible kinase has not been identified. In this study, we have sequenced the phosphopeptides prepared from h-caldesmon phosphorylated in vitro by protein kinase C (PKC) as well as the phosphopeptides prepared from caldesmon phosphorylated in intact canine aortas that were stimulated to contract with PDBu. PKC phosphorylated three sites located in the C terminus: GSS*LKIEE, AEFLNKS*VQK and NLWEKQS*VDK, while h-caldesmon from intact tissue was phosphorylated at two separate sites also in the C terminus: VTS*PTKV and S*PAPK. By comparison to known substrate consensus sequences for various protein kinases these data suggest that h-caldesmon is directly phosphorylated by a proline-directed protein kinase and not by PKC.

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