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Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2005 Jan-Jun;30(1-2):121-6.

Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic of irbesartan in renal hypertensive dogs under non-steady-state and steady-state conditions.

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  • 1College of Pharmacy, Anhui Medical University, China Yijishan Hospital, Wannan Medical College, Nanjing, China.


The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of irbesartan in renal hypertensive dogs under non-steady-state and steady-state conditions using pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling. Drugs were administered intragastrically to renal hypertensive dogs, plasma drug concentration was determined by HPLC method and Pharmacologic effects, including SBP, DBP, dp/dtmax and LVSP, were measured simultaneously. AT II, Aldosterone (ALD) and Endothelin (ET) were also used as measurement of effect. The PK and PD data were quantitatively analyzed according to the PK/PD model theory. The pharmacokinetic profiles of irbesartan conformed to a two-compartment open model. There was hysteresis loops between effects and plasma concentrations under non-steady-state condition. The relationship between effects and effect compartment concentrations (Ce) could be represented by the Sigmoid-Emax model. The Hysteresis loops disappeared under steady-state condition with more rapidly attainment of maximum concentration and effect. There were certain difference of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties between non-steady-state and steady-state condition.

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