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Eur J Pharmacol. 1992 Mar 3;212(2-3):143-9.

Vascular protein kinase C in Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats.

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Department of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Sterling Winthrop Pharmaceuticals Research Division, Rensselaer, NY 12144.


Phorbol esters which activate protein kinase C (PKC) produced concentration-related force development in aorta from spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY); all were 2-7 x more potent in SHR. However, total PKC activity in aortas, as well as carotid, caudal and renal arteries, was not different, when SHR was compared with WKY. Binding of phorbol dibutyrate to particulate aortic PKC was similar in SHR and WKY (same apparent Kd and Bmax values), as was potency for displacement of phorbol dibutyrate by phorbol myristate acetate. Furthermore, there was no difference in potency with staurosporine, H-7, and calmidazolium in inhibiting SHR and WKY aortic PKC. These data demonstrate enhanced contractile sensitivity to PKC-activating phorbol esters in SHR aortic smooth muscle that is not related to activity, phorbol ester binding, or sensitivity to inhibitors when SHR PKC is compared with WKY PKC. Thus, signal transduction events distal to PKC activation may be responsible for enhanced vascular contractile sensitivity to phorbol esters in SHR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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