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J Clin Oncol. 2005 Aug 20;23(24):5568-77. Epub 2005 Jul 11.

Phase II multicenter study of the antiepidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody cetuximab in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with platinum-refractory metastatic and/or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

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1
Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Oncology Service, P Vall d'Hebron 119-129, Barcelona 08035, Spain. jbaselga@vhebron.net

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the antiepidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody cetuximab in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with platinum-refractory recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Ninety-six eligible patients received cetuximab (initial dose of 400 mg/m2 followed by subsequent weekly doses of 250 mg/m2) followed by platinum chemotherapy at the same dose and schedule at which progressive disease was documented before entry onto the study.

RESULTS:

The response rate, based on an independently read assessment, in the intent-to-treat population was 10%, with a disease control rate (complete response, partial response [PR], and stable disease) of 53%. The median time to progression and overall survival were 85 and 183 days, respectively; both were longest in patients achieving a PR (median, 203.5 and 294 days, respectively). Treatment was well tolerated. The most common cetuximab-related adverse events were skin reactions, particularly an acne-like rash.

CONCLUSION:

The combination of cetuximab and platinum chemotherapy is an active and well-tolerated approach to the treatment of this poor-prognosis patient population with platinum-refractory recurrent or metastatic SCCHN for whom there are no recommended standard therapeutic options.

PMID:
16009950
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2005.07.119
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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