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Langmuir. 2005 Jul 19;21(15):6957-65.

DNA recognition interfaces: the influence of interfacial design on the efficiency and kinetics of hybridization.

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School of Chemistry, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.


The effect of the surface chemistry of DNA recognition interfaces on DNA hybridization at a gold surface was investigated using both electrochemistry and the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technique. Different DNA recognition interfaces were prepared using a two-component self-assembled monolayer consisting of thiolated 20-mer probe single-stranded DNA (ss-DNA) containing either a 3'-mercaptopropyl or a 3'-mercaptohexyl linker group and an alcohol-terminated diluent layer with 2-, 6-, or 11-carbon length. The influence of the interfacial design on the hybridization efficiency, the affinity constant (Ka) describing hybridization, and the kinetics of hybridization was assessed. It was found that the further the DNA was above the surface defined by the diluent layer the higher the hybridization efficiency and Ka. The kinetics of DNA hybridization was assessed using both a QCM and an electrochemical approach to ascertain the influence of the interface on both the initial binding of target DNA to the surface and the formation of a complete duplex. These measurements showed that the length of the diluent layer has a large impact on the time taken to form a perfect duplex but no impact on the initial recognition of the target DNA by the immobilized probe DNA.

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