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Biochemistry. 2005 Jul 19;44(28):9795-803.

Characterization of the NTPase, RNA-binding, and RNA helicase activities of the DEAH-box splicing factor Prp22.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, New York 10021, USA.


The DEAH protein Prp22 is important for the second transesterification step of pre-mRNA splicing, and it is essential for releasing mature mRNA from the spliceosome. Recombinant Prp22 has RNA-stimulated ATPase and ATP-dependent unwinding activities, which are crucial for the mRNA release step. In this study, we characterize the RNA-binding, NTP hydrolysis, and RNA unwinding functions of Prp22. Using nitrocellulose filter binding assays, we determined that the apparent affinity of Prp22 is approximately 20-fold greater for single-stranded RNA than for single-stranded DNA or duplex nucleic acids. Inclusion of hydrolyzable ATP in binding reactions increased the apparent K(D) for RNA by 3-4-fold. The Prp22-RNA interaction is influenced by the length of the RNA chain, and the apparent K(D) values for poly(A)(40) and poly(A)(10) are 17 and 140 nM, respectively. RNA-stimulated ATP hydrolysis is similarly affected by chain length, and optimal activity requires RNA oligomers of >or=20 nt. We show that Prp22 can hydrolyze all common NTPs and dNTPs with comparable efficiencies and that Prp22 unwinds RNA duplexes with 3' to 5' directionality.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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