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Braz J Med Biol Res. 2005 Jul;38(7):1105-12. Epub 2005 Jul 4.

Assessment of tidal volume and thoracoabdominal motion using volume and flow-oriented incentive spirometers in healthy subjects.

Author information

1
Departamento de Fisioterapia, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil. parreira@ufmg.br

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate incentive spirometers using volume- (Coach and Voldyne) and flow-oriented (Triflo II and Respirex) devices. Sixteen healthy subjects, 24 +/- 4 years, 62 +/- 12 kg, were studied. Respiratory variables were obtained by respiratory inductive plethysmography, with subjects in a semi-reclined position (45 masculine). Tidal volume, respiratory frequency, minute ventilation, inspiratory duty cycle, mean inspiratory flow, and thoracoabdominal motion were measured. Statistical analysis was performed with Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, t-test and ANOVA. Comparison between the Coach and Voldyne devices showed that larger values of tidal volume (1035 +/- 268 vs 947 +/- 268 ml, P = 0.02) and minute ventilation (9.07 +/- 3.61 vs 7.49 +/- 2.58 l/min, P = 0.01) were reached with Voldyne, whereas no significant differences in respiratory frequency were observed (7.85 +/- 1.24 vs 8.57 +/- 1.89 bpm). Comparison between flow-oriented devices showed larger values of inspiratory duty cycle and lower mean inspiratory flow with Triflo II (0.35 +/- 0.05 vs 0.32 +/- 0.05 ml/s, P = 0.00, and 531 +/- 137 vs 606 +/- 167 ml/s, P = 0.00, respectively). Abdominal motion was larger (P < 0.05) during the use of volume-oriented devices compared to flow-oriented devices (52 +/- 11% for Coach and 50 +/- 9% for Voldyne; 43 +/- 13% for Triflo II and 44 +/- 14% for Respirex). We observed that significantly higher tidal volume associated with low respiratory frequency was reached with Voldyne, and that there was a larger abdominal displacement with volume-oriented devices.

PMID:
16007282
DOI:
10.1590/s0100-879x2005000700014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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