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Vaccine. 2005 Jul 21;23(33):4228-35.

Improvement of collagen-induced arthritis by active immunization against murine IL-1beta peptides designed by molecular modelling.

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Laboratoire d' Oncologie Mol├ęculaire, 2 place Jussieu, Tour 53, 75005 Paris, France.


Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is a crucial cytokine in inflammation processes and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory diseases. Strategies designed to blocking IL-1beta by passive administration of inhibitors (mAbs, IL-1 receptor antagonist) have previously demonstrated efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Using molecular modelling, we have defined three murine IL-1beta peptide regions characterized by their close proximity to the receptor. Synthetic peptides corresponding to these regions, in cyclic and linear form, were delivered as immunogens in Swiss mice, resulting in significant levels of autoantibodies directed against the native murine IL-1beta cytokine as determined by ELISA and by an assay for neutralization of IL-1beta biological activity. More importantly, one of the cyclic peptides showed a protective effect against inflammation and articular destruction in DBA/1 mouse collagen-induced arthritis, a model of RA. The high rate of success observed for active immunization against cytokine peptides in vivo suggests that the in silico approach to autoantigen design may be a promising avenue for the development of anti-cytokine immunotherapeutics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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