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Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2005 Aug;16(4):459-69.

Engineered proteins as specific binding reagents.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland.


Over the past 30 years, monoclonal antibodies have become the standard binding proteins and currently find applications in research, diagnostics and therapy. Yet, monoclonal antibodies now face strong competition from synthetic antibody libraries in combination with powerful library selection technologies. More recently, an increased understanding of other natural binding proteins together with advances in protein engineering, selection and evolution technologies has also triggered the exploration of numerous other protein architectures for the generation of designed binding molecules. Valuable protein-binding scaffolds have been obtained and represent promising alternatives to antibodies for biotechnological and, potentially, clinical applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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