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Hum Exp Toxicol. 2005 Jun;24(6):297-302.

Modulation of N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) induced oxidative stress by vitamin E in rat erythrocytes.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Government Medical College, Patiala, India.


Nitrosamines, such as N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA), induced oxidative stress due to the generation of reactive oxygen species, which are capable of initiating peroxidative damage to the cell. The present study was designed to establish whether pre-treatment with vitamin E (40 mg/kg body wt, intraperitoneally (ip), twice a week for 4 weeks) to NDEA induced rats provides protection against oxidative stress caused by NDEA. A single necrogenic dose of NDEA (200 mg/kg body wt) was administered intraperitoneally (ip) to the rats with or without vitamin E pre-treatment and the animals were sacrificed on Day 7, 14 or 21 after NDEA administration. Lipid peroxidation (LPO) and the activities of antioxidant enzymes were determined in erythrocytes as indices of oxidative damage. The result showed elevated levels of LPO in erythrocytes with NDEA treatment, however, vitamin E pre-treated rats administered NDEA showed decreased LPO (Day 14 and 21). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzyme activity and the glutathione (GSH) content increased with NDEA treatment and remained high in vitamin E pre-treated group. Catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GSH-R) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) enzyme activities declined with NDEA treatment; however, vitamin E pre-treated rats administered NDEA, showed elevation in the enzyme activities. Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity increased in erythrocytes in vitamin E pre-treated rats administered NDEA, while Se-GSH-Px activity was not affected significantly. This study demonstrates that the pre-treatment with vitamin E prior to the administration of NDEA was effective in counteracting and modulating oxidative stress in rat erythrocytes in a time-dependent manner.

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