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J Biol Chem. 2005 Sep 9;280(36):31641-7. Epub 2005 Jul 7.

DNA polymerase lambda protects mouse fibroblasts against oxidative DNA damage and is recruited to sites of DNA damage/repair.

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Laboratory of Structural Biology, NIEHS, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.


DNA polymerase lambda (pol lambda) is a member of the X family of DNA polymerases that has been implicated in both base excision repair and non-homologous end joining through in vitro studies. However, to date, no phenotype has been associated with cells deficient in this DNA polymerase. Here we show that pol lambda null mouse fibroblasts are hypersensitive to oxidative DNA damaging agents, suggesting a role of pol lambda in protection of cells against the cytotoxic effects of oxidized DNA. Additionally, pol lambda co-immunoprecipitates with an oxidized base DNA glycosylase, single-strand-selective monofunctional uracil-DNA glycosylase (SMUG1), and localizes to oxidative DNA lesions in situ. From these data, we conclude that pol lambda protects cells against oxidative stress and suggest that it participates in oxidative DNA damage base excision repair.

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