Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Cancer Res. 2005 Jul 1;11(13):4754-60.

Cyclooxygenase-2 expression in human colorectal cancer is unrelated to overall patient survival.

Author information

  • 1Abteilung Klinische Pharmakologie, Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.



Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in human colorectal cancer and adenoma tissue seems to be higher than in normal mucosa. However, data about the relation between COX-2 expression and patient survival are inconclusive as yet. Therefore, we studied COX-2 expression in surgery tissue and survival time in a cohort of 747 colorectal cancer patients.


Surgical specimens of primary colorectal cancer from 747 individuals were immunostained for COX-2 and evaluated under a transmission light microscope. COX-2 expression was scored according to intensity and extent of staining, resulting in the COX-2 immunoreactivity score (IRS-COX2). All possible cutoff points for IRS-COX2 were analyzed for a relation between COX-2 expression and patient survival.


Both univariable and multivariable analysis have shown that the COX-2 expression in human tumor epithelial cells was unrelated to overall patient survival and to disease-free survival, irrespectively of the cutoff point for IRS-COX2. The survival rates for 1, 3, 5, and 10 years were 81.0%, 66.8%, 60.2%, and 49.8% (median: 117.3 months; 95% confidence interval, 102.3-132.0), respectively. In the multivariable analysis, only node and metastasis were significantly related to overall patient survival. Similar results were obtained when stage IV and rectal cancer patients were excluded from the analysis.


COX-2 expression in tumor epithelial cells does not seem to be related to survival of colorectal cancer patients. Besides COX-2, there are several targets, such as the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, that are involved in carcinogenesis and may be modulated by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Further studies are needed to determine their prognostic relevance.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center