Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2005 Aug;81(4):843-8.

A comparison of the locomotor stimulant effects of D1-like receptor agonists in mice.

Author information

Psychobiology Section, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, P.O. Box 5180, Baltimore MD 21224, USA.


Efficacy in stimulating adenylyl cyclase (AC) has traditionally been used to distinguish dopamine D1-like receptor agonists from dopamine D2-like receptor agonists. However, there is a limited association between the effects of D1-like agonists in behavioral assays and their effectiveness at stimulating AC. Other second messenger actions might contribute to the behavioral effects of D1-like agonists, as there is evidence for a link to the hydrolysis of phosphoinositide (PI). The present study compared the locomotor stimulant effects of five D1-like receptor agonists having different efficacies in assays of AC and PI activity. All D1-like agonists produced long-lasting biphasic effects on locomotor activity. SKF 38393, the prototypical partial agonist (based on AC activity), produced limited changes in locomotor activity, whereas the partial agonists SKF 75670 and SKF 77434 produced locomotor stimulant effects that were similar to or greater than those of the full efficacy agonists SKF 82958 and SKF 81297. However, there did not appear to be a relationship between maximal behavioral effects and AC stimulation or PI hydrolysis. The results suggest a complex relationship between the behavioral effects of D1-like agonists and their intrinsic efficacies as measured by AC and /or PI stimulation. Although a limited number of compounds were examined, neither second messenger system alone appears to account fully for these behavioral effects. The current classification of D1-like agonists according to their intrinsic efficacies as defined by AC stimulation needs further scrutiny.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center