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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 May 22;1121(1-2):221-8.

Purification, characterization and gene cloning of a novel glutamic acid-specific endopeptidase from Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12600.

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Shionogi Research Laboratories, Shionogi and Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan.


Twenty strains of Staphylococcus aureus from ATCC type cultures and strains found in clinical studies were cultivated, and their endopeptidase activity specific for glutamic acid was surveyed using benzyloxycarbonyl-Phe-Leu-Glu-p-nitroanilide (Z-Phe-Leu-Glu-pNA) as a substrate. The activity was found in two of the strains, ATCC 12600 and ATCC 25923. A glutamic acid-specific proteinase, which we propose to call SPase, was purified from the culture filtrate of S. aureus strain ATCC 12600 by a series of column chromatographies on DEAE-Sepharose twice and on Sephacryl S-200. A single band was observed on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the purified SPase. The molecular weight of the proteinase was estimated to be 34000 by SDS-PAGE. When synthetic peptides and oxidized insulin B-chain were used as substrates, SPase showed the same substrate specificity as V8 proteinase, EC, which specifically cleaves peptide bonds on the C-terminal side of glutamic acid and aspartic acid. Examination with p-nitroanilides of glutamic acid and aspartic acid as substrates, however, revealed that both proteinases are highly specific for a glutamyl bond in comparison with an aspartyl bond. To elucidate the complete primary structure of SPase, its gene was cloned from genomic DNA of S. aureus ATCC 12600, and the nucleotide sequence was determined. Taking the amino acid sequence of SPase from the NH2-terminus to the 27th residue into consideration, the clones encode a mature peptide of 289 amino acids, which follows a prepropeptide of 68 residues. SPase was confirmed to be a novel endopeptidase specific for glutamic acid, being different from V8 proteinase which consists of 268 amino acids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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