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Hypertension. 2005 Aug;46(2):295-300. Epub 2005 Jul 5.

A new kindred with pseudohypoaldosteronism type II and a novel mutation (564D>H) in the acidic motif of the WNK4 gene.

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1
Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Abstract

We identified a new kindred with the familial syndrome of hypertension and hyperkalemia (pseudohypoaldosteronism type II or Gordon's syndrome) containing an affected father and son. Mutation analysis confirmed a single heterozygous G to C substitution within exon 7 (1690G>C) that causes a missense mutation within the acidic motif of WNK4 (564D>H). We confirmed the function of this novel mutation by coexpressing it in Xenopus oocytes with either the NaCl cotransporter (NCCT) or the inwardly rectifying K-channel (ROMK). Wild-type WNK4 inhibits 22Na+ flux in Xenopus oocytes expressing NCCT by approximately 90% (P<0.001), whereas the 564D>H mutant had no significantly inhibitory effect on flux through NCCT. In oocytes expressing ROMK, wild-type WNK4 produced >50% inhibition of steady-state current through ROMK at a +20-mV holding potential (P<0.001). The 564D>H mutant produced further inhibition with steady-state currents to some 60% to 70% of those seen with the wild-type WNK4. Using fluorescent-tagged NCCT (enhanced cyan fluorescent protein-NCCT) and ROMK (enhanced green fluorescent protein-ROMK) to quantify the expression of the proteins in the oocyte membrane, it appears that the functional effects of the 564D>H mutation can be explained by alteration in the surface expression of NCCT and ROMK. Compared with wild-type WNK4, WNK4 564D>H causes increased cell surface expression of NCCT but reduced expression of ROMK. This work confirms that the novel missense mutation in WNK4, 564D>H, is functionally active and highlights further how switching charge on a single residue in the acid motif of WNK4 affects its interaction with the thiazide-sensitive target NCCT and the potassium channel ROMK.

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