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Biochem Pharmacol. 2005 Aug 15;70(4):618-26.

Inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase by phenolic (3E)-4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)but-3-en-2-one in RAW 264.7 macrophages.

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Department of Education and Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, #160 Sec. 3 Chung Kang Road, Taichung 407, Taiwan, ROC.


The large amount of nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) contributes to cellular injury in inflammatory disease. In the present study, a novel synthetic compound (3E)-4-(2-hydroxyphenyl)but-3-en-2-one (HPB) was found to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO generation, but not through the inhibition of iNOS activity, in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Administration of HPB into mice also inhibited the LPS-induced increase in serum nitrite/nitrate levels. To evaluate the underlying mechanisms of HPB inhibition of NO generation, the expression of the iNOS gene in RAW 264.7 macrophages was examined. HPB abolished the LPS-induced expression of iNOS protein, iNOS mRNA and iNOS promoter activity in a similar concentration-dependent manner. LPS-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) DNA binding and NF-kappaB-dependent reporter gene activity were both significantly inhibited by HPB. This effect was mediated through the inhibition of inhibitory factor-kappaBalpha (IkappaBalpha) phosphorylation and degradation, and of p65 nuclear translocation. HPB had no effect on the LPS-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). However, HPB suppressed the LPS-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. These results indicate that HPB down-regulates iNOS gene expression probably through the inhibition of LPS-induced intracellular ROS production, which has been implicated in the activation of NF-kappaB.

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