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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005 Jul;(436):81-90.

Patellofemoral joint biomechanics and tissue engineering.

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1
Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA. ateshian@columbia.edu

Abstract

Recent advances in the study of patellofemoral joint biomechanics have provided promising diagnosis and treatment modalities for patellofemoral joint disorders, such as quantitative assessment of cartilage lesions from noninvasive imaging, computer simulations of surgical procedures for optimizing surgical parameters and potentially predicting outcomes, and cartilage tissue engineering for the treatment of advanced degenerative joint disease. These technologies are still in development and their clinical potentials remain an ongoing topic of investigation. We review some of our progress in addressing these issues, and the important role of cartilage mechanics and lubrication in understanding the challenges regarding patellofemoral surgery and cartilage tissue engineering.

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