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J Biol Chem. 2005 Aug 26;280(34):30150-7. Epub 2005 Jun 30.

ABCG1 redistributes cell cholesterol to domains removable by high density lipoprotein but not by lipid-depleted apolipoproteins.

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1
Department of Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-6426, USA. smashie@u.washington.edu

Abstract

ATP binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) mediates the transport of cholesterol from cells to high density lipoprotein (HDL) but not to lipid-depleted apolipoprotein A-I. Here we show that human ABCG1 overexpressed in baby hamster kidney cells in the absence of lipoproteins traffics to the plasma membrane and redistributes membrane cholesterol to cell-surface domains accessible to treatment with the enzyme cholesterol oxidase. Cholesterol removed by HDL was largely derived from these domains in ABCG1 transfectants but not in cells lacking ABCG1. Overexpression of ABCG1 also increased cholesterol esterification, which was decreased by the addition of HDL, suggesting that a proportion of the cell-surface cholesterol not removed by HDL is transported to the intracellular esterifying enzyme acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase. A 638-amino acid ABCG1, which lacked the 40 N-terminal amino acids of the predicted full-length protein, was fully functional and of a similar size to ABCG1 expressed by cholesterol-loaded human monocyte-derived macrophages. Mutating an essential glycine residue in the Walker A motif abolished ABCG1-dependent cholesterol efflux and esterification and prevented localization of ABCG1 to the cell surface, indicating that the ATP binding domain in ABCG1 is essential for both lipid transport activity and protein trafficking. These studies show that ABCG1 redistributes cholesterol to cell-surface domains where it becomes accessible for removal by HDL, consistent with a direct role of ABCG1 in cellular cholesterol transport.

PMID:
15994327
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M505368200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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