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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2005 Aug;143(1):57-65. Epub 2005 Apr 2.

Production and characterisation of gilthead sea bream (Sparus auratus) recombinant parathyroid hormone related protein.

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Comparative and Molecular Endocrinology Group, CCMAR, CIMAR-Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal.


The production and purification of gilthead sea bream recombinant parathyroid hormone related protein [sbPTHrP(1-125)] using an Escherichia coli system and one step purification process with continuous elution gel electrophoresis is reported. The cDNA encoding sbPTHrP(1-125) was cloned into a prokaryotic expression vector pET-11a. The recombinant plasmid was used to transfect E. coli BL21(DE3) pLysS and sbPTHrP(1-125) synthesis was induced by addition of 1mM isopropyl-beta-d-thiogalactopyranoside. The rapid one step isolation method gave pure sbPTHrP(1-125) as judged by SDS-PAGE and yielded up to 40mg/L of culture medium (3.3mg protein/g of bacteria). The bioactivity of recombinant sbPTHrP(1-125) assessed using an in vitro scale bioassay was found to be equipotent to PTHrP(1-34) in stimulating cAMP accumulation. Assessment of the immunological reactivity of the isolated protein by Western blot revealed it cross-reacts with antisera specific for the N-terminal and C-terminal region of PTHrP. In a radioimmunoassay specific for piscine N-terminal (1-34aa) PTHrP, the recombinant sbPTHrP(1-125) was equipotent with PTHrP(1-34) in displacing labelled (125)I-PTHrP(1-36) PTHrP from the antisera. The availability of recombinant sbPTHrP will allow the development of region specific assays and studies aimed at defining post-secretory processing of this protein and its biological activity in fish.

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