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Gynecol Oncol. 2005 Sep;98(3):484-9.

Primary cervical lymphoma: report of two cases and review of the literature.

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  • 1Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.



Primary lymphoma arising from the female genital tract has been rarely encountered. Primary cervical lymphoma is even rarer in gynecologic oncology practice and accounts for approximately only 1% of extranodal lymphomas. In this article, two cases of cervical lymphoma are presented with a review of the available literature.


A 51-year-old woman presented with abnormal vaginal discharge. On pelvic examination, cervix was apparently normal; however, a solid and mobile pelvic mass was palpated. Pap smear was reported as HSIL at another institution. Radiological evaluation revealed a cervical mass with a 3 cm diameter. Histopathological evaluation of LEEP material was reported as diffuse large B cell lymphoma. We performed abdominal hysterectomy plus bilateral salphingo-oopherectomy and the patient was treated with adjuvant 6 cycles of CHOP chemotherapy. A second case was a 49-year-old postmenopausal woman who had undergone a routine gynecologic follow-up examination without any complaint at another institution. Routine cytological smear revealed HSIL. Punch biopsy under colposcopic examination presented no remarkable pathology except for a benign inflammation. Due to discordance between cytology and histology, LEEP was performed under colposcopic examination, which revealed follicular lymphoma grade III. This patient was treated with 6 cycles CHOP chemotherapy without any surgery.


Primary cervical lymphoma is a rare disorder. Although most reported cases in the literature have a normal Pap smear, some may represent with co-existent cytological abnormalities. Therefore, cervical lymphomas should be kept in mind in patients with cytological abnormalities.

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