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J Neurochem. 2005 Sep;94(5):1264-76. Epub 2005 Jun 30.

Differences in gene expression profile among SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma subclones with different neurite outgrowth responses to nerve growth factor.

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Pharmacology, Pharmakinetics Research Laboratories, Astellas Pharma Inc., Ibaraki, Japan.


Nerve growth factor (NGF) plays a key role in the differentiation of neurons. In this study, we established three NGF-induced neurite-positive (NIN+) subclones that showed high responsiveness to NGF-induced neurite outgrowth and three NGF-induced neurite-negative (NIN-) subclones that abolished NGF-induced neurite outgrowth from parental SH-SY5Y cells, and analyzed differences in the NGF signaling cascade. The NIN+ subclones showed enhanced responsiveness to FK506-mediated neurite outgrowth as well. To clarify the mechanism behind the high frequency of NGF-induced neurite outgrowth, we investigated differences in NGF signaling cascade among subclones. Expression levels of the NGF receptor TrkA, and NGF-induced increases in mRNAs for the immediate-early genes (IEGs) c-fos and NGF inducible (NGFI) genes NGFI-A, NGFI-B and NGFI-C, were identical among subclones. Microarray analysis revealed that the NIN+ cell line showed a very different gene expression profile to the NIN- cell line, particularly in terms of axonal vesicle-related genes and growth cone guidance-related genes. Thus, the difference in NGF signaling cascade between the NIN+ and NIN- cell lines was demonstrated by the difference in gene expression profile. These differentially expressed genes might play a key role in neurite outgrowth of SH-SY5Y cells in a region downstream from the site of induction of IEGs, or in a novel NGF signaling cascade.

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