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J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jun;40(6):1009-14.

American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Surgery hernia survey revisited.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. rose0437@umn.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the study was to describe current treatment and trends in surgical management of pediatric inguinal hernias (IHs), specifically contralateral exploration.

METHODS:

Surveys were sent to 599 Surgical Section members. Questions paralleled the 1993 American Academy of Pediatrics survey and addressed recent controversial topics. Statistical analysis by chi2 was performed.

RESULTS:

Three hundred ninety-five (66%) surveys returned. For full-term boys with reducible IH, 79% (82%) repair electively, regardless of age or weight. For full-term girls with reducible ovary, 49% (27%) repair electively, 36% (59%) next available slot, 5% (10%) emergently (P < .01). In former premature infants, 53% (65%) repair reducible IH when convenient, regardless of age. For unilaterally presenting IH, 44% (65%) routinely explore contralateral groins in boys 2 years or younger (P < .01); 47% (84%) routinely explore girls 4 years or younger (P < .01). No significant association between routine exploration patterns and years in practice, region of country, or training program affiliation was found. Laparoscopic evaluation for contralateral IH was reported by 37% (6%), (P < .01) 1993 results italicized.

CONCLUSION:

Reports of routine contralateral inguinal exploration had absolute decreases of 21% for boys 2 years or younger, 37% for girls 4 years or younger. There has been a shift toward elective repair for girls with reducible ovaries. Use of laparoscopy for diagnostic contralateral evaluation has increased dramatically.

PMID:
15991187
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2005.03.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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