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Am J Otolaryngol. 2005 Jul-Aug;26(4):275-8.

Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis and maxillomandibular osteomyelitis.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Oviedo, Central Hospital of Asturias, Spain.


Osteopetroses represent a heterogeneous group of rare, hereditary bony dysplasias. They range from a devastating neurometabolic disease (including severe malignant infantile osteopetrosis) to 2 more benign conditions principally affecting adults: autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO) type I and type II. The present study describes the maxillofacial manifestations associated with the 2 subgroups of ADO. In this paper, we present the oldest patient described in the literature with ADO type I (76 years old). We also document the first ADO type II patient described in the literature with synchronic osteomyelitis of the mandible and the maxilla.

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