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Biochimie. 2005 Jul;87(7):637-46. Epub 2005 Mar 18.

Adaptation to DNA damage and stimulation of genetic instability: the double-edged sword mammalian DNA polymerase kappa.

Author information

1
Laboratory Genetic instability and cancer, Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, CNRS UMR 5089, 205, route de Narbonne, 31077 Toulouse cedex, France.

Abstract

A major tolerance mechanism that functions to replicate damaged genomic DNA across lesions that have escaped elimination by repair mechanism is translesion DNA synthesis (TLS). DNA polymerase kappa (Pol kappa), a specialised low-fidelity DNA polymerase which is able to perform DNA synthesis across several damaged bases, is one of the enzymes involved in the process. The mutagenic nature of Pol kappa implies that its expression must be tightly regulated to prevent the formation of excessive genetic disorders along undamaged parts of the genome. Indeed, Pol kappa overexpression, which is notably observed in lung cancer, results not only in increased spontaneous mutagenesis, but also in pleiotropic alterations such as DNA breaks, genetic exchanges and aneuploidy. This review will discuss both aspects of DNA polymerase kappa, which can be considered as a genomic supervisor participating in genome maintenance and when misregulated as a genetic instability enhancer as well.

PMID:
15989980
DOI:
10.1016/j.biochi.2005.02.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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